FluQuadri: Quadrivalent influenza H1N1 vaccine
FluQuadri vaccine is inactivated influenza vaccine. It is split virion vaccine. It is tetravalent vaccine. It contains 4 types of antigens from influenza virus species. This is vaccine from Sanofi Pasteur India pvt ltd.This vaccine contains A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1)pdm09 like virus (A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1)IVR-190), A/South Australia/34/2019(H3N2) like strain, B/Washington/02/2019 like virus, B/phuket/3073/2013 like virus.
FluQuadri for intramuscular injection is inactivated influenza vaccine. It is prepared from influenza virus that are propagagted on embryonated chicken eggs. The virus containing allantoic fluid is harvested and inactivated with formaldehyde. Influenza virus is concentrated and purified. Then the virus is chemical disrupted using a non ionic surfactant. Split virus is further purified and suspended in sodium phosphate-buffered isotonic sodium chloride solution. An additional step is used to further increase the concentration of HA. Antigens from four strains are produced separately and combined to make the quadrivalent formulation.
|Quantity per dose|
|Ingredient||FluQuadri 0.25 ml||FluQuadri 0.5 ml|
|Active substance split influenza virus Inactivated strains||30 mcg HA total||60 mcg HA total|
|A (H1N1)||7.5 mcg HA||15 mcg HA|
|A (H3N2)||7.5 mcg HA||15 mcg HA|
|B (Victoria lineage)||7.5 mcg HA||15 mcg HA|
|B (Yamagata lineage)||7.5 mcg HA||15 mcg HA|
|Sodium phosphate buffered isotonic sodium chloride solution||qs appropriate to volume||qs appropriate to volume|
|Formaldehyde||< 50 mcg||< 100 mcg|
|Octylphenol ethoxylate||< 125 mcg||< 250 mcg|
How is FluQuadri vaccine available?
FluQuadri vaccine is available in ready to inject formulation as slightly opalascent liquid form. It is available in pre-filled sterile syringe for injection. It is available in dose 0.25 ml and 0.5 ml. It is available in single dose packet.
How is FluQuadri vaccine stored?
Fluquadri vaccine is stored at 2-8 degree Celsius as recommended by manufacturer. Temperature range is maintained by the cold chain. The vaccine if accidentally frozen should be discarded and not used. The temperature range is maintained at all stages of storage and transport.
How is Fluquadri vaccine given?
FluQuadri vaccine is given by injection on anterolateral aspect of thigh in infants and small children. Those for adult and adolescents it can be given on deltoid region of the shoulder. All standard safe injection precautions need to be taken. After use the disposables and needles are to be discarded as per the guidelines for biomedical waste management protocols. The expired vaccine should be discarded as per BMW protocols so that it is not harmful to environment. The dose for those below 3 years is 0.25 ml and those above 3 years is 0.5 ml
At what age FluQuadri vaccine is given?
FluQuadri vaccine is given at age 6 months and second dose at 7 months then one dose is given yearly till 5 years of age. Children with chronic pulmonary diseases and those with increased chances of pulmonary infection this dose should be given yearly. Those adults who are diabetic and hypertensive and immunosuppressed should get this vaccine yearly. This vaccine is used in pregnancy as there is increase risk of wine flu during pregnancy.
|6 months through 35 months||One or 2 doses 0.25 ml each||If 2 doses administer at least 4 weeks apart|
|36 months through 8 years||One or 2 doses 0.5 ml each||If 2 doses administer at least 4 weeks apart|
|9 years and older||One dose, 0.5 ml|
How does FluQuadri vaccine works?
FluQuadri is killed vaccine. It contains split particles of virus. This is active form of immunization. When this vaccine is injected to an individual the antigens in it get inside the body. These antigens are recognized by the immune system of the individuals. The immune system develops mechanism to fight against the virus and if real infection takes place the immune response is rapidly ramped up and the disease is prevented. Only the drawback is influenza virus mutates rapidly and so because if this, the new version of vaccine comes yearly. It is needed to be given yearly.
What are side effects of FluQuadri vaccine?
Side effects of FluQuadri vaccine are usually mild and can be managed at home very easil
- Fever can be there after the vaccination. It can be mild to moderate grade and can be managed at home by paracetamol and sponging. Fever may last for 1-3 days usually reduces with time.
- Local pain and redness swelling can come at injection site. It may last for 1-3 days. It can be easily managed with paracetamol and local cold fomentation.
- Headache can come in some patients after vaccination. Usually reduces in 1-3 days. This headache can be managed at home with paracetamol.
- Irritability and abnormal crying.
- Loss of appetite and vomiting.
- Muscular pain and fatigue seen after FluQuadri vaccination may last for the 1-3 days. It generally reduces by its own.
- Allergy and anaphylactic reaction: This is very rare side effect. The vaccine should not be given to those who are allergic to the component/s of the vaccine. The anaphylactic reaction should be managed very swiftly. The skilled person, necessary drugs and equipments should be available for the management.