What is taught in MBBS?

Are you interested in the medical field? Are you curious about what exactly is taught in an MBBS program? Look no further, as we dive into the comprehensive curriculum of this esteemed degree. From anatomy to pharmacology, we’ll break down the essential subjects and skills that aspiring doctors must master during their education. Get ready to explore the exciting world of medicine and discover just how much it takes to become a qualified medical professional!

Introduction to MBBS

A MBBS degree is an undergraduate medical degree which stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. The duration of this course is four and a half years and it is followed by one year of internship. The first year of MBBS course contains the basic subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry etc. The second year contains Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology etc. The third year has Forensic Medicine, Ophthalmology, ENT etc and the fourth year comprises of General Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Orthopaedics etc.

What is the Duration of MBBS?

There are four and half academic years and one year internship in MBBS which are divided into 9 semesters. So total course of 5 and half years. The first five semesters are known as the Pre-Clinical phase where students are taught subjects like human anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, etc. The next four semesters (Clinical phase) comprises of subjects like pharmacology, pathology, medicine, surgery, etc. where students get to learn about various diseases and their treatments.

1 year
Forensic medicine
1.5 years
3 Part 12ENT
Preventive and social medicine
1 year
3 Part 22Medicine
1 year
MBBS year wise subjects ( Clinical rotations and postings at hospital for 3rd year subjects start at the opening of 2nd year itself)

Subjects Taught in MBBS

The MBBS curriculum is designed to produce physicians who are competent in all aspects of modern medicine. The core subjects taught in MBBS include:

Clinical Science Subjects

Medical students in their MBBS degree programme are taught a range of clinical subjects. The clinical subjects include:

Clinical skills: Students learn a range of practical skills that are essential for doctors, such as how to take a patient’s history and perform a physical examination.

Microbiology: Students learn about the different microorganisms that can cause diseases, and how they can be treated.

Public health: Students learn about the various public health issues that affect people, such as obesity and infectious diseases. They also learn about preventive measures to reduce the spread of disease.

Forensic medicine: Students learn about the role of forensic medicine in criminal investigations, and how evidence is used to determine the cause of death or injury.

Social and preventive medicine: Students learn about the social and environmental factors that influence health, and how to promote health in populations.

Medical ethics: Students learn about the ethical and legal implications of medical practice, and how to make decisions in difficult situations.

Research methodology: Students learn how to design and carry out research projects in medicine.

Paediatrics: Students learn about diseases and conditions that affect children, and how to diagnose and treat them.

Obstetrics and gynaecology: Students learn about female reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth and neonatal care.

Ophthalmology: Students learn about the anatomy and diseases of the eye, and how to diagnose and treat them.

Dermatology: Students learn about skin diseases, and how to diagnose and treat them.

Psychiatry: Students learn about mental health disorders, and how to diagnose and treat them.
Surgery: Students learn about surgical techniques and how to perform operations.

Emergency medicine: Students learn about the management of emergency medical conditions, such as trauma and cardiac arrest.

Radiology: Students learn about imaging techniques, such as X-rays and CT scans, and how to interpret the images.

Nuclear medicine: Students learn about how radioactive substances are used to diagnose and treat diseases.

Anaesthesiology: Students learn about how to administer anaesthetics and manage patients during surgery.

Rehabilitation medicine: Students learn about the management of disabilities, and how to help people with physical or mental impairments.

ENT: Students learn about ear, nose and throat diseases, and how to diagnose and treat them.

Orthopedics: Students learn about musculoskeletal diseases, and how to diagnose and treat them.

Preclinical Science Subjects

Preclinical science subjects in MBBS curriculum lay the foundation for clinical sciences. They include human anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. These subjects equip students with knowledge of human body and its various systems, chemical reactions taking place within the body, and how medicines work. In the first two years of MBBS programme, students learn these subjects through classroom lectures, laboratory sessions, and dissections.

Anatomy: This subject teaches students about the structure and function of the human body. Students learn about the different systems of the body, and how they work together.

Physiology: This subject covers the workings of the human body at a cellular and molecular level. Students learn about how the body works, and how it responds to various stimuli.

Biochemistry: This subject deals with the chemical reactions that take place within the human body. Students learn about the different types of molecules that make up the human body, and how they interact with each other.

Pathology: This subject deals with the study of disease. Students learn about the different types of diseases, and how they affect the human body.

Pharmacology: This subject deals with the study of drugs and their effects on the human body. Students learn about how different drugs work, and what side effects they can cause.

Professional Core Courses & Electives

There are a number of professional core courses and electives that are taught in MBBS programs. These include subjects such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, microbiology, pathology, and others. Students can choose to specialize in one or more of these subjects, and they can also take elective courses in other areas of medicine.

Most MBBS courses also include a clinical rotation, where students get to practice their skills in real-life scenarios. This provides them with hands-on experience in the workplace and gives them the chance to put their knowledge into practice. Elective courses may include subjects such as public health, research methodology, medical informatics, or any other topic that is related to medicine.

MBBS students can also pursue additional specialized training in areas such as surgery, psychiatry, pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and other medical fields. This can help them advance their career opportunities and specialize in a certain field.

Internships and Externships

Medical students in MBBS programs have the opportunity to gain clinical experience through internships and externships. These programs provide students with the chance to work with patients and learn from experienced doctors. Internships and externships are typically completed during the final year of study.

Internships: Internships involve a student working in an actual medical setting under the direct supervision of certified doctors. Interns typically perform basic patient care tasks such as taking vital signs, administering injections, and drawing blood. Most internships also include didactic instruction on topics such as clinical procedures, diagnosis, and patient management.

Externships: Externships involve a student working with healthcare professionals in a non-medical setting such as a hospital or clinic. These programs are often shorter than internships and may involve shadowing doctors or nurses as they work with patients. Externs can gain valuable insight on how to interact with patients and practice proper medical procedure without needing to directly interact with them.

Clinical Rotations

In the clinical rotations, students are placed in various medical settings such as hospitals, clinics, and community health centers. They learn how to diagnose and treat patients under the supervision of licensed physicians. Students also learn how to perform medical procedures and interpret laboratory results.
Clinical rotations involve various activities such as:

  • Observing and shadowing physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.
  • Participating in rounds and attending patient care conferences.
  • Interviewing patients to obtain a medical history.
  • Examining and diagnosing patients.
  • Performing medical procedures such as injections, collecting blood samples, or performing sutures.
  • Ordering tests or X-rays for diagnosis.
  • Prescribing treatments and medications.
  • Documenting patient information in electronic health records (EHRs). – Assisting with minor surgery.
  • Presenting cases to colleagues or instructors.

By completing these activities, students gain a better understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of patients. They also learn how to properly document patient information and use medical terminology appropriately. Clinical rotations are essential for medical students as they help them apply the knowledge they have acquired in the classroom to real-life situations.

Final Examinations

Final examinations are the culmination of years of hard work and dedication. They test a student’s knowledge and skills in all areas of medicine. The examination process is rigorous and demands the very best from each student.

At the end of each semester, there is exam conducted by the college. The semester exam is taken in form of theory and practical exam.

At end of the year there are final exams taken by university to which MBBS college is affiliated. Final exams are taken in form of theory written exam and practical exam.

To pass the final exams, students must score at least 50% in each part of the examination. Students who pass the Final year exam will be eligible to apply for provisional registration with the Medical Council of India and practice as an intern for 1 year.\

After successful completion of internship they can apply for permanent registration to medical council or NMC and practice in India.


The MBBS course is a comprehensive program that provides students with an in-depth understanding of the fundamentals of medicine and equips them with the skills they will need to become successful medical professionals. From anatomy and physiology, pharmacology and biochemistry, to surgery and obstetrics, MBBS covers all aspects of healthcare. Through rigorous theoretical training coupled with practical experience gained through clinical rotations, MBBS helps aspiring doctors hone their expertise so that they are equipped to handle any challenge that comes their way.

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